After the fall of the Soviet Union and the decline of the communist threat in the 1990s, bilateral aid to the Mutual Defence Treaty took a rollercoaster ride; especially in the Philippines. In general, the Philippine government has remained supportive of the treaty since its inception and has often relied on the United States to rely on its defence, as it has done since World War II. This was highlighted during the Cold War by the many U.S. military bases operating in the Philippines. The most notable and controversial of these bases are the Clark Air Force base outside the Angeles City subway station and the U.S. Subic Bay Naval Station. The bases were occupied for nearly 40 years after the end of the Second World War until the early 1990s. In 1991, the anti-American atmosphere in the Philippines forced the Philippine Senate to reject a new basic agreement that subsequently forced the withdrawal of all U.S. forces from Philippine soil.  Faced with the rise of global terrorism with the events of 11.9. However, as china`s economic boom and militant expansion, the United States strengthened relations with its Asian allies, particularly the Philippines.  Recall with mutual pride the historical relationship that brought their two peoples together in a common bond of mutual sympathy and ideals to fight side by side against imperialist aggression during the last war. The 1998 agreement facilitates the passage of U.S.
troops in rotation to the Philippines for annual military exercises. In addition to granting travel privileges to U.S. personnel, the agreement establishes rules for the importation and export of U.S. equipment as well as for the movement of U.S. aircraft, ships and vehicles into the country. The agreement allows U.S. forces, at the invitation of the Philippine government, to access and use designated areas and facilities belonging to and controlled by the Philippine armed forces. It clearly provides that the United States will not establish a permanent military presence or base in the Philippines and prohibits the entry of nuclear weapons into the Philippines.  The EDCA has an initial term of ten years and will remain in effect until its termination by one of the parties after an intention of one year of termination.  In a December strategy paper entitled « The U.S.